Infant CPR: A Lifesaving Skill Every Parent Should Know

A Lifesaving Skill Every Parent Should Know

As a parent or caregiver, one of the most critical skills you can learn is infant CPR (Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation).

While we all hope to never encounter a situation where it’s needed, having the knowledge and confidence to perform infant CPR can make a life-saving difference in an emergency.

In this article, we’ll discuss the importance of knowing infant CPR, provide step-by-step instructions for performing it, and highlight when to use this vital skill.

The Importance of Infant CPR

Infant CPR is a technique used to revive a baby’s breathing and circulation when their heart has stopped beating or they’re not breathing.

Common causes for this emergency situation in infants can include choking, drowning, or sudden cardiac arrest. Knowing infant CPR can be the difference between life and death during a critical moment.

Step-by-Step Instructions for Infant CPR

Performing infant CPR involves a series of steps, often referred to as the ABCs of CPR: Airway, Breathing, and Circulation. Here’s a simplified guide:

  1. Check the Scene: Ensure the area is safe for you and the baby.
  2. Check for Responsiveness: Gently tap the baby and shout loudly to see if they respond. If there’s no response, proceed to the next steps.
  3. Call for Help: If you’re alone, perform CPR for about two minutes before calling 911 (if applicable in your location). If someone else is with you, ask them to call 911 while you begin CPR.
  4. Open the Airway: Carefully place the baby on their back on a firm surface. Tilt their head back slightly to open the airway. Use one hand to support the baby’s head and neck while doing this.
  5. Check for Breathing: Look for chest rise and fall and listen for breathing. If the baby isn’t breathing or is only gasping, move on to the next steps.
  6. Begin Chest Compressions: Using two fingers (usually your index and middle fingers), locate the center of the baby’s chest, just below the nipple line. Push down about 1.5 inches (3.8 cm) at a rate of 100-120 compressions per minute. Allow the chest to fully recoil between compressions.
  7. Give Rescue Breaths: After 30 chest compressions, give two rescue breaths. Ensure an airtight seal by covering the baby’s nose and mouth with your mouth and providing gentle breaths.
  8. Continue Cycles: Alternate between 30 chest compressions and two rescue breaths until the baby starts breathing, shows signs of life, or until help arrives.
  9. Monitor Vital Signs: Continue to check for signs of life while waiting for medical professionals to arrive.

When to Use Infant CPR

You should perform infant CPR if:

  • The baby is unresponsive and not breathing.
  • The baby is unconscious.
  • The baby is choking and unable to clear the airway.

Note: If the baby has a pulse but is not breathing, provide rescue breaths without chest compressions.


Infant CPR is a life-saving skill that every parent and caregiver should be familiar with. Knowing how to react in an emergency situation can make all the difference in the world for a baby in distress.

It’s essential to take a certified CPR course, which can provide hands-on training and practice to ensure you’re prepared and confident in performing infant CPR when it’s needed most.

Remember that staying calm and acting quickly are crucial in emergency situations, and your actions could save a precious life.

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